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Indicator Guide > Trend Indicators > KST Indicator
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Trend & Momentum Oscillators > Trend Indicators > KST Indicator

KST Indicator

Martin Pring's KST indicator combines the Rate Of Change Oscillator ("ROC") for four different time periods into one smoothed indicator. The aim is to signal major trend moves on a timely basis while eliminating most of the whipsaws associated with shorter-term oscillators.

KST Trading Signals

The KST indicator is primarily used to trade trends and should not be used in a ranging market. Signals are taken when KST crosses its signal line, calculated as a 9-month simple moving average of KST.

Trending Market

First check whether price is trending. If the KST indicator is flat or stays close to the zero line, the market is ranging and signals are unreliable.

  • Go long when KST crosses above its signal line from below.

  • Go short when KST crosses below the signal line from above.

Signals are strengthened when the signal line also reverses direction.


The S&P 500 index is plotted with the KST indicator and 9-month signal line.

S&P 500 Index with KST Oscillator

Mouse over chart captions to display trading signals.

  1. Go short [S] when KST crosses below its signal line
  2. The signal is strengthened when the indicator line also turns downward
  3. Go long [L] when KST crosses above the signal line.

KST Setup

The default settings for the KST indicator are:

  • 9-Month ROC
  • 12-Month ROC
  • 18-Month ROC
  • 24-Month ROC
  • The first three are smoothed by a 6-Month Simple Moving Average
  • The last ROC uses a 9-Month Simple Moving Average
  • The Signal Line uses a 9-Month Simple Moving Average.

See Indicator Panel for directions on how to set up an indicator — and Edit Indicator Settings to change the settings.

KST Formula

  1. Calculate the Rate Of Change indicator for 9, 12, 18, and 24 months.
  2. Smooth the first three ROCs with a 6-Month Simple Moving Average.
  3. Smooth the 24-Month ROC with a 9-Month Simple Moving Average.
  4. Weight the four Smoothed ROCs according to their period.
    The sum of the four periods is 63 months, so values for the 9-Month Smoothed ROC will be multiplied by 9/63, the 12-Month ROC by 12/63, and so on...
  5. Sum the weighted values to calculate the KST indicator.
  6. Calculate the signal line using a 9-Month Simple Moving Average of KST.

KST Evaluation

I find that the KST suffers from the same failing as most trend-following indicators: it whipsaws too often, especially in an up-trend. Comparing trend start signals to the long-term Coppock Indicator on the S&P 500 index for the last 25 years, KST reacts slower, but avoids the false signal late 2001 when Coppock turns up while below the zero line.

S&P 500 Index with KST and Coppock Oscillators

Mouse over chart captions to display trading signals.

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