Stan Weinstein, in Secrets for Profiting in Bull and Bear Markets, provides one of the most complete models for trading long-term trends. The model employs a combination of proven techniques to identify breakouts from a trading range, to follow the progress of a trend and to identify appropriate exit points. It is important to read the book to understand the full model which is briefly summarized below.
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The long-term cycle has four distinct phases:
The phases are not always as easy to identify as in the above illustration: a trend may last more than a year and a reversal pattern may be over within a week. Up-trends (or down-trends) may also be interrupted by a trading range before continuing the trend.
The breakout must be confirmed by higher than usual volume activity.
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No trades may be entered if price is below the 30-week weighted moving average or if the moving average slopes downwards.
Yahoo is shown with 30-week weighted moving average.
- Price breaks above the $3.00 resistance level [R] in June 1997. This is followed by a correction before a second breakout above the resistance which is confirmed by large volume. The entry point is marked by [E] and the 30-week MA is rising strongly.
- Stops (depicted by trendlines below the MA) are adjusted upwards as the trend progresses, but never above the 30-week MA as long as it is rising.
- Price crosses below the MA at [?] but the position is not closed as the MA is still rising.
- The position is stopped out at [X] when price falls below the previous stop level set just below $60.00.