Point and Figure Chart Patterns
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Support levels are price levels at which large numbers of buyers are expected to enter the market. They are easily identified on Point and Figure charts by 2 or more columns of O's bottoming out at the same level.
When penetrated, support levels often become resistance levels.
Resistance levels are prices at which large numbers of sellers are expected to enter the market. You can identify them on Point and Figure charts by 2 or more columns of X's ending with equal tops.
When penetrated, resistance levels often become future support levels.
Trend lines on Point and Figure charts are plotted at an angle of 45 degrees (one square across and one up/down).
An up-trend will always be first penetrated by a column of O's and a down-trend by a column of X's.
Active or Reactive?
Many investors follow active strategies but end up being reactive, rotating in and out of stocks at the wrong time.
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Breakout above a resistance level is a bullish signal.
Penetration of a support level is generally bearish.
When you encounter penetration of a support or resistance level, examine the Point and Figure chart carefully for supporting evidence. The following Point and Figure pattern of rising columns of O's gives further confirmation of the breakout.
The next Point and Figure pattern shows a strong support base for the breakout — still a bullish signal.
But the next Point and Figure pattern hints of a weak breakout that may result in a bull trap.
The same Point and Figure patterns can be identified with support level penetrations. Is the following penetration of the support level likely to hold?
Rising Point and Figure columns of X's signal weakness - be on the alert for a bear trap.
There are a number of Point and Figure chart patterns that may span a wider number of columns:
- Point and Figure Bull & Bear Traps
- Point and Figure Cup & Handle
- Point and Figure False Breaks
- Point and Figure Retracements
- Point and Figure Spikes
- Point and Figure Trend Reversals
- Point and Figure Triangles